Current Affairs Topic – India becomes Associate Member of CERN

Latest Current Affairs Topic India: India becomes Associate Member of CERN: The India became member associate of the European Organisation for nuclear research (CERN), the largest of the world nuclear and particle physics laboratory. In this regard, an agreement was signed by Mr. Sekhar Basu, President, Commission of energy Atomic (ECA) and CERN director general Mr. Fabiola Gianotti in Mumbai, Maharashtra. Meaning as an associate member, the India may take part in meetings of the CERN Council and its committees (Committee on science policy and the Finance Committee). It will open new opportunities for scientists Indians to engage with their counterparts across sector research in physics and engineering, that it will contribute to the thrust of the credentials of the India science and gives access to scientific technology to premium. It will also make scientists eligible Indians for the appointments of staff at CERN. In addition, Indian industry will be entitled to bid for contracts CERN. So, it will open opportunities for industrial cooperation in the areas of advanced technology. The India will also must contribute a certain sum of money for research activities, including the annual contribution of 11.5 million swiss frank to CERN.

Background

In September 2017, the CERN Council adopted a resolution upgrade to the position of India as a member of the associated previous “Observer” status. Before her, in 2017, the firm of Union gave its nod to the nomination of the India officially at CERN. Earlier due to the observer status India was allowed to attend the meetings of the Board and to receive documents of the Council but was not allowed to take part in the decision-making procedures of the organization. On the European Organisation for nuclear research (CERN) CERN as an organization is greater worldwide nuclear and particle physics laboratory. It is located in the Northwest suburbs of Geneva on the France-Switzerland border. It was created in 1954. Members: It has 22 Member States (including the India and Pakistan), four associate members and four States and three international organizations have observer status. Functions: The laboratory helps scientists and engineers to probe the fundamental structure of the universe using the most sophisticated scientific instruments and advanced computer systems provide the necessary infrastructure looking for high energy particle accelerators including physics. Achievements: CERN operates the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) which is the largest in the world and the most powerful accelerator of particles. It is associated with the discovery of the Higgs Boson, which is popularly known as the God particle.

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