Shivaji established a competent and progressive civil line using a disciplined military and well structured administrative organizations. He innovated the guerilla warfare military tactics, ground-breaking methods (Shiva sutra or ganimi kava), which leveraged strategic factors, such as geography, speed and surprise and pinpoint attacks to defeat are larger and more powerful enemies focused. Shivaji created by a small contingent of 2,000 soldiers inherited from his father, a force of 100,000 soldiers; He built and strategically located forts both inland and coastal waters to protect his territory restored. He revived ancient Hindu political traditions and Court conventions and promoted the use of Marathi and Sanskrit, rather than Persian, in court and the administration.
Shivaji the legacy was to vary by observer and time, but began to take on increased importance with the rise of the Indian independence movement, as many him as a proto-nationalist and the hero of the Hindu exalted. Particularly in Maharashtra, debates on its history and role have caused great passion and sometimes even violence as varying groups have tried to characterize him and his legacy.
Shivaji Jayanti 2017 is on 19 February (Thursday)
Place and community: Birthday of Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj is celebrated in Maharasthra as Shivaji Jayanti.
Month: Shivaji Jayanti is celebrated on 19th February.
Description: Shivaji Jayanti or the birthday of Shivaji Maharaj is celebrated on a majestic scale in Maharashtra. His parents Jijabai and Shahaji Bhonsle named him Shivaji after local Goddess Shivai. He was the creator of the Maratha nation and he was instrumental in uniting the Maratha chiefs of Mayal, Konkan and Desh regions. His military and civil administration was of greatest importance. Shivaji was successful in carving out a small kingdom by defeating the alien powers.
Chhatrapati Shivaji is a hero not only for the people of Maharashtra but for those of India as well.
On the occasion of Shivaji Jayanti several processions are taken out and people dress up like Shivaji and his associates. The birthday is celebrated on a huge scale and various programmes remembering the achievements of the great ruler are organised.